Sabzevar is a city in, and the capital of Sabzevar County, in Razavi Khorasan Province in northeastern Iran. At the 2011 census, its population was 231,557 across 57,024 families. Sabzevar is the commercial center for an agricultural region producing grapes, raisins, pistachio, wool, watermelon, and many other produces. There is some small-scale industry for food processing, copperware and electric motors. Through the old bazaar of Sabzevar, fresh, dried, and preserved fruits and vegetables are exported. Sabzevar is connected to Tehran (the Capital) and Mashhad (the provincial capital) by road, and Sabzevar Airport provides domestic flights to Tehran.
The history of Sabzevar goes back to the first millennium BC. Ancient remains include fire-temple 'Azarbarzin' the remains of which are still visible. After the Mongol invasion of Iran, the city was the first part of Iran that moved for its freedom, under the lead of the Sarbedaran movement. In the 14th century, Timur invaded Iran, and despite the brave defense of people in Sabzevar, he destroyed the city quite completely. Contemporary sources mention 90,000 people having been massacred by Timur. After killing all men in the town, he cut their heads and made 3 pyramids of the heads, in what is now the modern Sarberiz (meaning "Place of Heads") square. Sabzevar Province had been lost by the Safavids to the Uzbeks of Transoxiana, but was regained following a Safavid counter-offensive around 1600, along with Herat and Farah.
Universities in Sabzevar
Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences (MedSab) is one of the most prestigious universities in Khorasan province. MedSab is the oldest institution of higher education in Sabzevar city, established in 1975, which offers over 25 programs to more than 1700 students. This university has more than 100 faculty members. MEDSAB is known for rapid promotion in education quality and programs, and the MEDSAB faculty is composed of men and women. Faculty members are passionate and curious individuals who continue their own research while teaching at MEDSAB. They come from across the country, bringing with them a diverse wealth of knowledge. MEDAB is known for combining medical sciences and bioengineering. There are 7 hospitals and 4 schools in this university. The city is home to the Islamic Azad University of Sabzevar (IAUS), founded in 1985 in response to increasing demands for a higher education center in the region; expansion and development have always continued within the university. Currently there are about 6,500 students studying in three campuses. Sabzevar has also another university located in the north part of the city, Hakim Sabzevari University that was established in 1987. HSU offers 120 bachelors, masters, and Ph.D. programs to more than 7,200 male and female students studying under about 160 faculty members. There are other higher education institutes and colleges in the city making a student population of over 30,000, which is an incredibly outstanding figure for a city of this size.